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      缇庢床钁¤悇鐭ュ灏戯紵 鎽樿锛? 缇庢床钁¤悇鍘熶骇浜庡寳缇庝笢閮紝浠ュ叾鈥滄粦鐨€濈殑鐗规€с€佺嫄楠氬懗浠ュ強鐙壒鐨勮憽钀勮棨鍗烽』钁楃О銆傛湰鏂囧皢涓轰綘浠嬬粛缇庢床钁¤悇鐨勫巻鍙层€佷笁澶х壒寰併€佷範鎬у拰涓昏鍒嗗竷鍖哄煙銆? ABSTRACT锛? Native to eastern North America, Vitis Labrusca is known for its 鈥渟lip-skin鈥?and foxy flavor, and vines from the Vitis Labrusca are known for their special tendrils. This article will show you the history, three characteristics, habits and main distribution areas of Vitis Labrusca.

      缇庢床钁¤悇锛圴itis Labrusca锛夛紝鍙堝悕Fox Grape锛屾槸涓€绫婚潪甯搁噸瑕佺殑缇庢床鏈湡钁¤悇鍝佺銆傚畠鍘熶骇浜庡寳缇庝笢閮紝涓昏鍖呮嫭搴风寰凤紙Concord锛夈€佸崱鎵樿姯锛圕atawba锛夈€佺壒鎷夊崕宸烇紙Delaware锛夈€佷紛鑾庤礉鎷夛紙Isabella锛夈€佸凹浜氬姞鎷夛紙Niagara锛変互鍙婁竴浜涙潅浜ゅ搧绉嶃€?/p>

    缇庢床钁¤悇鐭ュ灏戯紵

      

    搴风寰凤紙鍥剧墖鏉ユ簮锛歎rsula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institu锛?/p>

      1. 鍘嗗彶璧锋簮銆€銆€鎹憽钀勫彶瀛﹀鐖卞痉鍗?middot;娴峰鏂紙Edward Hyams锛夊拰钁¤悇閰掑ぇ甯堟澃瑗挎柉·缃楀閫婏紙Jancis Robinson MW锛変粙缁嶏紝鏃╁湪11涓栫邯锛岄浄澶?middot;鐖辩珛淇★紙Leif Ericsson锛夊氨鍦ㄥ寳缇庢枃鍏帮紙Vinland锛夋捣宀稿彂鐜扮柉鐙傜敓闀跨殑缇庢床钁¤悇锛岃繖瓒充互璇佹槑缇庢床钁¤悇鍦ㄦ娲蹭汉鎶佃揪鍖楃編涔嬪墠灏卞凡缁忓湪杩欑墖鍦熷湴涓婄箒娈栦簡銆?8涓栫邯涓彾锛岀憺鍏告鐗╁瀹跺崱灏?middot;鏋楀锛圕arl Linnaeus锛夊拰鍚屼簨寮€濮嬪缇庡窞鏈湡钁¤悇鍝佺杩涜缂栫洰锛岀編娲茶憽钀勬墠琚寮忔敹褰曞苟閫愭笎涓轰汉鐭ユ檽銆傘€€銆€19涓栫邯锛岀編娲茶憽钀勫拰涓€浜涘叾浠栫編娲叉湰鍦熷搧绉嶄竴璧蜂紶鍏ユ娲诧紝瀹冧滑鎼哄甫鐨勬牴鐦よ殰铏紙Phylloxera锛夊紑濮嬪晝椋熸浜氳憽钀勶紙Vitis Vinifera锛夌殑钁¤悇钘ゆ牴閮紝瀵规娲茶憽钀勫洯閫犳垚浜嗗ぇ闈㈢Н鐨勬瘉鍧忋€?9涓栫邯鍚庢湡锛岀爺绌朵汉鍛樺彂鐜扮編娲叉湰鍦熻憽钀勫搧绉嶇殑鏍归儴琚牴鐦よ殰铏晝椋熷悗鑳藉垎娉岀矘娑插牭浣忔牴鐦よ殰铏殑鍢达紝骞跺湪浼ゅ彛涓婂舰鎴愪繚鎶ゅ眰闃叉浜屾鎰熸煋锛屽洜姝ゆ妸娆т簹钁¤悇鍝佺瀚佹帴鍒扮編娲叉湰鍦熻憽钀勫搧绉嶇牕鏈ㄤ笂鐨勫仛娉曞紑濮嬫祦琛岃捣鏉ャ€傘€€銆€2. 涓夊ぇ鐗瑰緛銆€銆€缇庢床钁¤悇钘ょ殑涓€澶х壒寰佷究鏄瘡涓妭鐐归兘鏈夊嵎椤伙紝浣垮叾鎴愪负钁¤悇灞炰腑鍞竴鎷ユ湁杩炵画鍗烽』鐨勭墿绉嶃€傚叾娆★紝缇庢床钁¤悇鍏锋湁婊戠毊鐨勭壒寰侊紝鍦ㄥ彈鍒伴€傚綋鐨勬尋鍘嬫椂锛屾灉鐨兘杞绘槗鍦板墺绂诲嚭鏉ワ紝鐣欎笅瀹屾暣鐨勬灉鑲夈€?/p>

      姝ゅ锛岀編娲茶憽钀勬灉瀹炴祿閮佺殑鐙愰獨鍛筹紙Foxy锛変篃鏄叾鍖哄埆浜庢浜氳憽钀勭殑涓€澶х壒鎬с€傛墍璋撶殑鐙愰獨鍛筹紝鍏跺疄鍜岀嫄鐙稿苟娌℃湁澶氬ぇ鐨勫叧绯伙紝杩欑棣欏懗鏄棭鏈熺編鍥芥畺姘戣€呯啛鐭ョ殑娉ュ湡鑺抽锛屾皵鍛冲己鍔查鐢溿€傚姞鍒╃灏间簹澶у鎴寸淮鏂垎鏍★紙University of California, Davis锛夌殑钁¤悇鏍藉煿涓撳A.J.娓╁厠鍕掞紙A. J. Winkler锛夎〃绀猴紝闄や簡楹濋锛圡uscat锛夊鏃忕殑钁¤悇鍝佺锛屽氨灞炵編娲茶憽钀勫叿鏈夊姝ゆ祿閮佺殑鑺抽銆傚叾涓渶鍏稿瀷鐨勪唬琛ㄥ氨鏄悍绉戝痉銆傚浠婏紝鐙愰獨鍛充竴璇嶄篃鎴愪负浜嗙編宸炴湰鍦熷搧绉嶈憽钀勯厭閰掕瘎閲岀殑娴佽鐢ㄨ瘝銆傘€€銆€3. 鍝佺涔犳€с€€銆€缇庢床钁¤悇涓昏涓虹孩钁¤悇鍝佺锛屽叾鏋滃疄鍜岃憽钀勭苯涓ご杈冨ぇ锛屾灉鐨憟娣辩孩鑹诧紝灏戞暟涓洪潚鐧借壊鎴栫矇绾㈣壊銆傜編娲茶憽钀勬爲涓烘攢缂樻鐗╋紝鍙跺瓙澶ц€屽帤锛屽涓?瑁傚彾锛屽叾鑳屽厜闈㈤暱鐫€鐧借壊鎴栨鑹茬殑缁掓瘺銆傚畠鐨勭敓鍛藉姏鏃虹洓锛屽璁稿钁¤悇鐥呭閮芥湁涓€瀹氱殑澶╃劧鎶楁€э紝鍖呮嫭鏍圭槫铓滆櫕鐥呭銆傜劧鑰岋紝缇庢床钁¤悇鏍戠殑鎶楃梾瀹虫€у拰瀚佹帴鍏煎鎬т笉濡傚啲钁¤悇锛圴itis Berlandieri锛夈€佸钁¤悇锛圴itisAestivalis锛夊拰娌欏湴钁¤悇锛圴itisRupestris锛夌瓑鍏朵粬缇庢床鏈湡鍝佺锛屽洜姝や笉甯哥敤浣滃晢涓氱牕鏈ㄣ€傜編娲茶憽钀勮兘鎶靛尽涓ュ瘨閰锋殤锛岃櫧鐒朵笉姣旂編鍥戒笢鍗楅儴鐨勫渾鍙惰憽钀勶紙Vitis Rotundifolia锛夎€愭疆锛屽嵈涔熸槸鍠滄疆婀挎皵鍊欑殑妞嶆牚锛屼竴鑸妞嶅湪鐏屾湪涓涖€佹灄鍦般€佺敯閲庛€佽崏鍦般€佹矙涓樹互鍙婃渤宀哥瓑鍦般€?/p>

      4. 鍒嗗竷鍖哄煙銆€銆€浠庡寳缇庝笢娴峰哺鐨勬柊鏂鑸嶏紙Nova Scotia锛夊埌浣愭不浜氬窞锛圙eorgia锛夛紝鍐嶅線瑗胯嚦瀵嗚タ瑗挎瘮娌筹紙Mississippi River锛夛紝杩欎竴甯﹀潎鏄編娲茶憽钀勭殑涓昏绉嶆鍖哄煙銆傚彟澶栵紝涓€浜涚敤缇庢床钁¤悇鎴栫敱鍏舵潅浜よ€屾垚鐨勫搧绉嶆潵閰块厭鐨勭編鍥芥硶瀹氳憽钀勭妞嶄骇鍖猴紙American Viticultural Areas锛岀畝绉癆VA锛変篃鏄編娲茶憽钀勫垎甯冪殑涓昏鍖哄煙锛屽瀵嗚タ瑗挎瘮娌宠胺涓婃父锛圲pper Mississippi Valley锛夈€佸瘑瑗胯タ姣斾笁瑙掓床锛圡ississippi Delta锛夈€佷縿浜ヤ縿娌宠胺锛圤hio River Valley锛夈€佹柊鑻辨牸鍏帮紙New England锛変笢鍗楅儴銆佷紛鍒╂箹锛圠ake Erie锛変互鍙婁綅浜庣航绾﹀窞锛圢ew York锛夈€佸紬鍚夊凹浜氬窞锛圴irginia锛夈€佷縿浜ヤ縿宸烇紙Ohio锛夊拰瀵嗘瓏鏍瑰窞锛圡ichigan锛夌殑涓€浜涙硶瀹氳憽钀勭妞嶄骇鍖恒€